Carving a Scallop Shell
Gouge's sweep determines the curves
Synopsis: Colonial Williamsburg’s Mack Headley, Jr., offers step-by-step instruction how to carve a shell. He explains the numbering system of carving tools and the importance of making a drawing first. Step one involves laying out the shell on a board and sawing out the blank. Next, you use a gouge to cut to the line and remove wood from the concave rays. Glue the shell down to a board and sculpt the surface of the shell. Next, remove extra wood at the wings, and draw the rays on the sculpted surface, pivoting on your knuckle to control curves. Begin to separate the rays. Shape the areas between the parting tool cuts into convex and concave rays. You’ll use a series of gouges. The last step is cutting small veins on the wings; this breaks up the large, flat surface and accents the linear quality of the hinge area.