Smoothing Plane Tips and Techniques
How to Sharpen Hollow Chisel Mortising Bits
Mounting Knife Hinges in Curved Doors
Speed Up Handplane Honing with Your Ruler
The Coolest Cutting Board Ever?
Simple Tape Trick for Tight Fitting Through-Mortises
Bevel-Up Jack Planes are a Workshop Workhorse
Biscuit Joiner Tips and Tricks
Customize Your Router for Centered Mortises
Workbench Tool Storage Solutions
A Woodturner's Guide to Chucks and Jaws
Capture More Dust from Your Router Table
Hinge Mortises on the Tablesaw
The Essential Tool Chest
Drawbore Your Mortise-and-Tenon Joinery
How to Glue-Up Joints: Positioning the Clampscomments (2) May 11th, 2010 in blogs
One of the keys is to distribute the pressure effectively.
Put the pressure where you need it
Just as important as the overall force of the clamp you're using is how it is distributed. You want even pressure along the whole glueline. This can be done in two ways. The force from a clamp spreads out in a 45º cone from each head. For the cones to overlap and the glueline to receive even pressure, the clamps need to be spaced correctly. The 45º angle makes the cones of pressure easy to measure. The force will radiate sideways in both directions the same distance as the clamp is from the glueline.
Clamping wide boards
So, in the example below, the 6-in.-wide board creates 12-in.-wide cones of pressure at the joint.
When edge-gluing wide boards, such as for a tabletop, you can employ powerful clamps spaced widely, alternating the clamps above and below the workpiece to prevent the boards from bowing.
Clamping thin edging
If the glueline is close to the face of the clamp, such as when applying solid-wood edging to plywood, to avoid having a clamp placed every inch or two, you can use wide cauls that will spread the clamp pressure as well as protect the edge of the workpiece from the clamps.
Where the glueline is close to the clamp head, place the clamps very close together or use a wide caul. Otherwise, some parts of the glueline will not receive sufficient pressure.
Last, to round out this series, here are some tips on applying glue.
posted in: blogs, glue-up, clamps
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