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A Woodturner's Guide to Chucks and Jaws
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Smoothing Plane Tips and Techniques
Simple Tape Trick for Tight Fitting Through-Mortises
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Eight Tips for Securing Work to a Benchtopcomments (8) March 14th, 2013 in blogs
There is an endless variety of techniques for securing furniture parts to a workbench for handplaning and other tasks, and for those of us who have been woodworking for a while, it's easy to take this now second-nature knowledge for granted.
If you've found yourself struggling from time-to-time to figure out the right way to secure a difficult workpiece, fret not. Here are a few simple techniques guaranteed to help you better secure your work, for optimum results-especially when hanpdlaning.
*NOTE: Click on any of the images below for a larger view.
A Traditional Plane Stop
The traditional plane stop most seasoned woodworkers turn to secure a workpiece is nothing more than a glorified T-square. The "T" locks into your workbench's front vise, and the long batten serves as a stop, against which you rest the piece you're handplaning. The other end of the batten is simply clamped to the benchtop. Doesn't get much more simple than that.
You can watch FWW art director give an overview of this style of plane stop in a short video titled Building and Using a Simple Plane Stop.
Two Fences Help Secure Narrow Furniture Parts
Here's another plane stop variation. I first learned about this style from Fine Woodworking's art director, Michael Pekovich. It's comprised of an MDF or plywood base, with fences that meet at a corner. A skinny leg registers against the two fences for simple, effective handplaning.
The stop is secured in your bench vise via a piece of 3/4-in. thick hardwood screwed to the bottom of the base. You can see this stop in use in a short video I shot with him.
Bench Hooks Come in All Sizes
Bench hooks are great to secure tenoned components (as seen in this photograph) when you need to carry out final paring with a rabbeting block plane. You simply slide your workpiece up against the fence, hold it down, and plane with your right hand. This bench hook was constructed using 3/4-in. plywood with a 1/4-in. hardwood fence screwed down to the top. On the underside of the base, a piece of 3/4-in. hardwood acts as a stop, registering against the edge of my benchtop.
Phil Lowe's Super-Simple Bench Dogs
Bench dogs come in all sorts of shapes, sizes, and materials-but furniture maker Phil Lowe's are perhaps the simplest ones I've ever seen. Lowe keeps a series of these simple L-shaped dogs around, with varying "head" thicknesses. Some protrude above the benchtop by 3/8-in. (great for planing 1/2-in.-thick stock), others protrude about 5/8-in. (great for 3/4-in. stock)-you get the idea.
Bench Dogs in the Edge of Your Benchtop?
You betcha! I incorporated a series of dog holes that go into the edge of my workbench's top. This is great for securing long boards (think the long apron of a big table). I can clamp the end of the board into my vise, and then allow the bottom edge of my workpiece to sit atop a couple of dogs placed into the edge of my benchtop.
You can learn more about this bench in my Video Workshop series, The Not-So-Big Workbench.
Workbench Drawers Add Great Support
When I built my workbench, I used 100-lb. full extension drawer sides for two reasons. One: I knew I was going to be loading these drawers up with tools and wanted to ensure I had plenty of strength in the mechanical components. Two: I like to use my drawers to support large workpieces like this oak cabinet door from underneath. I simply slide out a drawer, rest the workpiece atop it, and secure one corner in my bench vise.
For really large pieces, sometimes it's a good idea to use a long bar clamp to secure the end opposite the bench vise, across the benchtop.
Align Your Dogs with Your Vise
If you have a cast iron vise with a built-in metal bench dog, put it to use by locating a dog hole in your bench top that's in-line with it. Heck, that's what it's there for! Although I often see bench's that don't make use of this great little feature in many-a-bench vise.
In this image, I've highlighted the alignment of the vise's benchdog, with the dog located across the benchtop.
Holdfasts are Quick to Use
Holdfasts are often used in pairs and are akin to having a third hand to assist in holding a piece against a bench for planing, chiseling, and more. This device simply gets tapped into a dog hole in your benchtop. Because its shaft has a slight bend to it (almost invisible), when you tap it into a dog hole, it holds tight. To release it's grip, you just give it another tap (from its side) and it releases with no fuss.
posted in: blogs, WorkBench, plane stop, bench dog, handplaning, bench hook
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Blog edited by Fine Woodworking associate editor Matt Kenney.