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Most woodworkers are underclamping their joints. Use these three keys for clamping success: match the clamping pressure to the wood, make sure that you have enough clamps, and distribute the pressure effectively.
Nothing provokes more stress than a big glue-up. Learning how to properly clamp your work is one of the most critical elements of success. But this raises the question… how much clamping pressure is enough?
To answer the question, Fine Woodworking found Roman Rabiej, a professor in Michigan, who revealed some of the secrets to effective clamping in an archive article. Over the years, he’s done many scientific studies on glue joints, studying glue types, clamping pressure, wood species, etc.
In reality, Rabiej found that most woodworkers are underclamping their joints. While some woodworkers fear over-clamping could starve joints of glue–it’s a myth. You can almost never apply too much force using common woodworking clamps, Rabiej says.
To help hobby and professional woodworkers, the professor came up with three keys to clamping success that answers the following questions: What is the optimum force when clamping soft and hard woods? How many clamps should you use and how should you arrange them? And last, how can you test a sample joint to see if you are getting good results?
Success with Clamps: 3 Keys1. Match the clamping pressure to the wood 2. Make sure that you have enough clamps3. Distribute the pressure effectively
If you’re not Arnold Schwarzenegger, you may have a little trouble applying as much force as Rabiej recommends, however he gives some good guidelines to try and live up to. This should help relieve your fears about overclamping.
What about you… what clamping tricks and techniques have you developed over the years to help you assure a successful glue-up?
Put the pressure where you need it. Just as important as the overall clamping force is how it is distributed. Read tips on distributing pressure effectively.
Make sure you have enough clamps for your glue up. For details on the strength of each clamp, check out our test of common woodworking clamps.
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I see galvanized pipe clamps in use here. It's impossible to generate high clamping pressure with these because the galvanized surface is soft and the clamps slip. All pipe clamps should be black iron.
I guess you could say that my success in glue ups can be chalked up to dumb luck. From what I just learned I haven't been using enough clamps, the right kind of clamps, or enough pressure. Great information!
In the above post, the first calculation was using cherry, which requires the least pressure.
By these calculations, one cannot apply too much pressure to most woods. A 2" x 48" glue up would require 24 pipe clamps and 65 parallel jaw clamps. If you are using 4/4 stock, the numbers are cut in half. But that is still a lot of clamps. You would almost double those numbers for oak, and triple them for hard maple. I guess it is almost impossible to over clamp a project!
I was cutting some dovetails recently. Here are the tools that I use when I cut them with hand tools.
Fast, fun approach to making a comfortable, casual seat
In this video Michael finishes the first of the three boxes. Gluing-up, planing, sanding and finishing bring a new piece of art to the world.
In this video Michael starts work on the second box, a carved and painted Saddle lid box.
Michael begins carving the saddle lid box with his ripple pattern along the top. Then turns to his 5/30 gouge to texture the sides of the box. This isn't work…
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